Abdominal pain can result from a wide range of causes.

Cases of acute and severe pain require prompt medical treatment and include:

  • Acute Peritonitis – inflammation of the membranes around the abdominal wall and organs
  • Compacted kidney stone
  • Appendicitis
  • Acute cholecystitis (gall bladder inflammation)
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Severe gastroenteritis
  • Acute pancreatitis

Other common digestive disorders may not present with immediate acute pain, but rather increasing pain and abdominal symptoms over time. These may include:

  • Gastro-oesophageal disease (GORD)
  • Chron’s disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Gastric or Peptic Ulcer
  • Hiatus hernia
  • Diverticulitis

Others are considered nutritional disorders such as:

  • Lactose intolerance – small intestine unable to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products
  • Fructose intolerance
  • Celiac disease (Gluten intolerance)

Functional disorders causing abdominal pain include:

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)