Most cases of chest pain are benign, but more serious medical conditions should be considered in severe or persistent cases.

  • Cardiovascular

    The typical pain that is associated with a heart attack (acute myocardial infarction) or with angina includes:

    • Severe pain
    • Crushing, squeezing or pressure pain into the chest
    • Lasts for more than a few minutes
    • May move into left neck, jaw or shoulder

    If this occurs call an ambulance immediately.

  • Other Medical Cases

    These may include:

    • Pulmonary embolism – blockage of a major blood vessel to the lung
    • Perforated intestine
    • Acute pericarditis – inflammation of the lining around the heart
    • Pneumonia
    • Oesophagitis – inflammation of the wind pipe to the lungs
    • Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD)
  • Spine and Ribs

    It is common for both the mid back and rib case to become imbalanced (Spinal Dysfunction) that leads to chest pain. The pain can be moderately severe and mimic angina or indigestion.

    Another cause is a condition known and Costochondritis where the cartilage between the breast-bone (sternum) and ribs become inflamed. The area is often tender and becomes worse with full inspiration.